The National Department of Health has said that the number of deaths rose by 14% between 2005 and 2015.
Health Department secretary Pascoe Kase, speaking on World Kidney Day in Port Moresby last week, called for lifestyle changes to stem this trend.
"Chronic kidney disease has become the sixth most common cause of death between 2005 and 2015.
World Kidney Day highlights eight ways in which people can keep kidney function healthy:
• Keep fit and active: Keeping fit helps to reduce your blood pressure and therefore reduces the risk of chronic kidney disease.
• Keep regular control of your blood sugar level: About half of people who have diabetes develop kidney damage, so it is important for people with diabetes to have regular tests to check their kidney functions.
• Monitor your blood pressure: Although many people may be aware that high blood pressure can lead to a stroke or heart attack, few know that it is also the most common cause of kidney damage.
• Eat healthily and keep your weight in check: This can help prevent diabetes, heart disease and other conditions associated with chronic kidney disease.
• Reduce your salt intake: Keep it to five to six grams of salt a day, the equivalent of a single teaspoon.
• Maintain a healthy fluid intake: Drink between 1½ to two litres of water a day.
• Do not smoke: Smoking slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. When less blood reaches the kidneys, it impairs their ability to function properly. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer by about 50%.
• Do not take over-the-counter pills regularly: Common drugs such non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney damage and disease if taken regularly.
Get your kidney function checked if you have one or more of the ‘high risk' factors; you have diabetes; you have hypertension; you are obese; one of your parents or other family members suffers from kidney disease; you are of African, Asian, or Aboriginal origin.